PFOA is a synthetic chemical that has been linked to cancer in humans and animals.
Concerned about what goes into making your cook ware, well you should be. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has forced the industry to withdraw PFOA from the market by the year 2015. So the non-stick cookware industry has 2 more years to poison you with this dangerous chemical used in the making of PTFE (teflon). Nice right , your government is always looking out for you remember that. So earlier this year I replaced my fry pans 8-10 & 12" with PFOA free water based "Hydrolon Non-Stick"and couldn't be happier. You need no oil to make it non-stick even though I often cook with coconut and grapeseed oil's, and you should too. Egg will not stick to it nor will cheese, and it emits much fewer greenhouse gasses than standard non-stick pans. The main reasons for the switch however was the harmful toxic and carcinogenic cooking surfaces of my older pans. So what is PFOA?
Well, Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), also known as C8 and perfluorooctanoate, is a synthetic perfluorinated carboxylic acid and fluorosurfactant. PFOA has been manufactured since the 1940's in industrial quantities. It has been used in the manufacture of products like Teflon, Gore-Tex, and the lining of that microwave popcorn bag. PFOA persists indefinitely in the environment. It is a proven toxicant and carcinogen in animals. PFOA has been detected in the blood of more than 98% of the general US population. Exposure has been associated with increased cholesterol and uric acid levels, and recently higher serum levels of PFOA were found to be associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease in the United States population. As a result of a class-action lawsuit and community settlement with DuPont. Three epidemiologists are conducting studies on the population surrounding a chemical plant that was exposed to PFOA at levels greater than in the general population. If PFOA exposure is found to be likely to lead to an increased risk of disease, future liabilities for DuPont will be triggered. The first of these studies has reported that workers at this high-PFOA plant are at greatly increased risk of death from mesothelioma, diabetes mellitus, and chronic renal disease. So here's the history:
According to Wikipedia, In 1947, 3M began producing PFOA by electrochemical fluorination. In 1951, DuPont started using PFOA in the manufacturing of fluoropolymers in Washington, WV. In 1961, DuPont was aware of hepatomegaly in mice fed with PFOA. In 1968, organofluorine content was detected in the blood serum of consumers, and in 1976 it was suggested to be PFOA or a related compound such as PFOS. In the 1980's and 1990's researchers investigated the toxicity of PFOA. In 1999, the Environmental Protection Agency, EPA began investigating perfluorinated chemicals after receiving data on the global distribution and toxicity of PFOS. For these reasons, and EPA pressure, in May 2000, 3M announced the phaseout of the production of PFOA, PFOS, and PFOS-related products. 3M stated that they would have made the same decision regardless of EPA pressure, and we all believe that. Not surprisingly, because of the 3M phaseout, in 2002 DuPont, you know the company that brought us, Agent Orange that devastated human health and the environment in Vietnam, countless lawsuits for contamination of communities groundwater and resulting birth defects and other health issues resulting from illegal waste disposal, built its own plant in Fayetteville, NC to manufacture the chemical.
The chemical has received attention due to litigation from the PFOA-contaminated community around DuPont's Washington Works Washington, WV facility, along with EPA focus. Research on PFOA has demonstrated ubiquity, animal-based toxicity, and some associations with human health parameters and potential health effects. Additionally, advances in analytical chemistry in recent years have allowed the routine detection of low and sub-parts per billion levels of PFOA in a variety of substances. If you really want to make you eyes spin go to the corporate crimes website http://www.corporatewatch.org/?lid=205 for more info. on how Dupont has raveged our population and environment. Kinetic Chemicals patented a new fluorinated plastic in 1941, and registered the Teflon trademark in 1945. DuPont, which founded Kinetic Chemicals, was producing over two million pounds (900 tons) of Teflon brand PTFE per year in Parkersburg, West Virginia, by 1948. An early advanced use was in the Manhattan Project as a material to coat valves and seals in the pipes holding highly reactive uranium hexafluoride at the vast K-25 uranium enrichment plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
In late 2012, scientists at Emory University compared health risks in workers at a DuPont chemical plant in West Virginia with high PFOA exposure to the risks of the same diseases in other regional DuPont factory workers and in the US population. In comparison with the other DuPont workers, workers at the high-PFOA plant were at roughly three times the risk of dying of mesothelioma or chronic kidney disease, and roughly twice the risk of dying of diabetes mellitus. Workers were at similarly elevated risk for kidney cancer and for non-cancer kidney diseases. In rodents, PFOA concentrates in the kidneys. On May 26, 2006, the EPA addressed a letter stating Three-quarters of it's advisers thought the stronger "likely to be carcinogenic" descriptor was warranted, in opposition to the EPA's own PFOA hazard descriptor of "suggestive evidence of carcinogenicity", but not sufficient to assess "human carcinogenic potential." On November 21, 2006, the EPA ordered DuPont company to offer alternative drinking water or treatment for public or private water users living near DuPont's Washington Works plant in West Virginia (and in Ohio), if the level of PFOA detected in drinking water is equal to or greater than 0.5 parts per billion. This measure sharply lowered the previous action level of 150 parts per billion that was established in March 2002. Wow guess what they were really saying. Look this stuff is in too many products too numerous to mention. It lines packaging of any potentially greasy food like frozen pizza, microwave popcorn, and Chinese food containers.
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